What are Bacterial blood stream infections?

It is a condition in which the sterile human blood stream gets infected by the bacteria. This condition is also known as Sepsis. The exaggerated immune response is produced in order to overcome the blood stream infections. This all causes injury to the numerous organs of the body and may even fail their functioning. Sepsis is the highly dangerous state which can easily occur in the people having infected blood and weak immunity.
Sepsis can be divided into three segments such as:

  • Simple Sepsis – It is a very common infection that may occur because of flu or tooth abscesses.
  • Severe Sepsis- This is a bit serious condition that originates when the immune response to the infection, hinders the normal working of fundamental organs such as Kidneys, lungs and liver.
  • Septic Shock – It is the most unsafe state as this leads to alteration in working of vital multiple organs and can even completely stops their activity. This is the life threatening condition and needs immediate treatment.

There are plentiful antibiotics that are given to treat the sepsis. Zitromax (Azithromycin) is widely employed antibiotic given in this condition.

What are the signs and symptoms?

Various signs and symptoms are:

  • Change in breathing patterns
  • High fever
  • Increased pulsation
  • Hypotension (fall in blood pressure)
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Abdominal discomfort and pain
  • Decreased urination
  • Increased heartbeat

What are the Causes?

The prime reasons of the blood stream infections are due to infestation of bacteria in the human blood. People who have weakened immunity are more prone to get this infection. Patients of AIDS, Herpes, Cancer and diabetes are at higher risk of getting state like sepsis. Bacteria can easily enter into the human body; some common conditions that lead to sepsis are as follows:

  • Pneumonia
  • Meningitis
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Appendicitis
  • Hospital acquired infection
  • Bed sores
  • Urinary catheters
  • Sudden mental change

What are the causative bacteria involved?

Mainly, Gram negative bacteria are the causative organisms that invade human blood.  E. coli, P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, Haemophilus influenza and Enterococcus species are few microbes that cause sepsis.

What are the diagnostic measures?

Diagnosing sepsis is quite difficult as it produces multiple symptoms which could be due to other disease conditions. To find the exact cause there are ample amount of tests done by the physician to find out the correct treatment for the patient. Blood test, urine test and sputum test is done to evaluate the underlying reason. Other techniques like X-rays, CT scan and MRI are also adopted to see clear status of the bacterial infection in blood.

How Zitromax treats blood stream infections?

Zitromax contains active element Azithromycin a macrolide antibiotic that is used against bacterial infections. It actively prevents the growth of bacteria by stopping the protein synthesis. Zitromax has shown promising results in the treatment of all types of sepsis. Avoid intake of Zitromax, if you have jaundice or other liver disease. It is contraindicated in pregnancy and breast feeding mothers. Zitromax 500mg is one of the world’s best selling antibiotic that has remarkable mode of action with least side effects.

Author: Marie

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